Neurotherapy is direct training of brain function, by which the brain learns to operate more efficiently. We use instruments to observe the brain in action from moment to moment. This information is shown back to the patient in a form that is readily understandable, like a video game. The patient is rewarded by having the video game play “better” when their brain changes its own activity to more appropriate patterns. This is a gradual learning process. It applies to any aspect of brain function that we can measure. An important type of neurotherapy is also called EEG neurofeedback, because it is based on electrical brain activity, the electroencephalogram, or EEG. Neurotherapy is training in self-regulation. It is simply biofeedback applied to the brain directly. Self-regulation is a necessary part of good brain function. Self-regulation training allows the system (the central nervous system) to perform better.